In general, the word “pet” refers to a companion animal, that lives in homes with humane families. However, we can’t just refer to pets as home animals as every innocent animal is a pet, no matter if they live in streets or homes. Furthermore, many other pets are used as laboratory animals, livestock, or working animals.


The home pets popularly feature to have relatable personalities, cleverness, and attractive appearances. Cats and dogs are the most popular pets, but there are also some other animals that are treated as pets that have many categories such as “arthropod pets” like hermit crabs and tarantulas, “amphibians” such as salamanders and frogs, “aquatic pets” like saltwater snails, freshwater, and fish, “reptile pets” like snakes, lizards, crocodiles, alligators, and turtles, “avian pets” like fowls, passerines, and parrots, “rodents” like guinea pigs, mice, rats, chinchillas, hamsters, and gerbils.

Emotional and physical benefits are provided to pets’ owners ultimately as their animals are emotional creatures. There is no doubt that all the dogs love having walks, so, taking your dog for a walk will improve your health by providing social interaction and fresh air. However, a pet is the best companion for elderly people, people who live alone, kids with diseases like autism as pets (especially dogs) could be a great therapeutic option. They can also be used for visits to nursing homes for elders, or to hospitals for children. Furthermore, trained handlers and animals are utilized by Pet therapy to achieve specific emotional, cognitive, physical goals patiently.


Pets are chosen by people for many purposes such as being attractive to animals, protecting property or home, or companionship. In 1994, the most common reasons for not owning a pet were disliking the pets (19.6%), the lack of suitable housing (28.3%), lack of time (28.6%), and the number one was not able to take care of the animal when traveling (34.6%), according to a study in Canada. Concerns over keeping pets have been raised by some animal rights organizations, ethicists, and scholars due to the objectification of non-human animals and the lack of anatomy.

Pet popularity


United States

APPA (American Pet Products Association) conducted a survey called National Pet Owners Survey in 2017-2018, and found that over 85 million families, or 68% of US households, have at least one pet! The number of pet cats was higher than the dogs’ number as there were approximately 78 million pet dogs, while there were approximately 86.5 million pet cats.



In 2006, there were approximately 10.50 million pet dogs (31%) of United Kingdom households, and 10.30 pet cats (26%), according to the University of Bristol’s survey in 2007. According to the same survey, 38.4% of households, that have at least a dog, had at minimum 1 person educated to degree level, in comparison with 47.2 of homes with cats.



In 2009, there were in Italy about 45 million pet animals including 10 million snakes, 12 million birds, 16 million fish, 7.50 million cats, and 7 million dogs, according to an Italian family associations survey.



From 2010 to 2018, people’s spending on pet animals has grown approximately 800% as people spent $25 billion in 2018, in comparison with $3.12 billion in 2010. However, the Chinese citizens have 41 million pet cats and 51 million pet dogs. The reports show that the number of pet animals was approximately 389 million in 2013, and it is doubled now by 755 million.



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